The book Art and Objecthood: Essays and Reviews, Michael Fried is published by University of Chicago Press. Michael Fried is an art historian and critic best known for his essay, “Art and Objecthood” first published in in Artforum. He was educated. Much acclaimed and highly controversial, Michael Fried’s art criticism defines the contours of late modernism in the visual arts. This volume contains.

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This volume contains 27 pieces, including the introduction to the catalogue for “Three American Painters,” objechhood text of his book “Morris Louis,” and “Art and Objecthood.

MichelsonKraussMeyer Known as a closely-associated student of Clement Greenberg, [7] Fried advocates formal expressionist artists such as David Smith and Anthony Caro, and introduces a quote from Smith to suggest minimalist sculpture would hardly be considered art outside a white cube setting.

Although this arguments, as e. Although Fried opposes presentness to the durational character of minimal art, he still does not locate it outside history. In a number of essays Fried contrasts the modernist enterprise with minimalist or literalist art, and, taking a position that remains provocative to this day, he argues that minimalism is essentially a genre of theater, hence artistically self-defeating.

Michael Fried – Wikipedia

What lies between the arts is theatre. Leave a Reply Cancel reply Your email address will not be published. Therefore the viewer becomes an integral part of the staging of the art work, but only with those properties that could enter the virtual reality.

Fried quotes these sections and concludes Fried More likely, all the characteristics Benveniste has given are rendered by the activity of the beholder, who, facing an art work which has nearly no differentiations within itself, has to make differentiations himself in order to produce meaning. Although he majored in English at Princeton it was there that he became interested in writing art criticism.


Warhol December 25, New York Letter: The entire received situation is integrated in the art work, and since the viewer is located within this situation, the environment is defined by the immersion of him into the art work itself.

Thus, it tends towards a preference of the symbolic. But presence is not the only mode of theatricality.

Michael Fried

Rejecting objeccthood bluring of the individual arts is part of the modernist programme as it was formulated by its main critic, Clement Greenberg.

And this is accomplished by stressing those spacious and physical characteristics that the art work shares with objects of daily life. This interplay shows the characteristics of discourse, as they were given by Benveniste, such as multi-perspectivity, ar pragmatic basics, e.

Against the intention of its author it writes art history and this could only happen because the intended aim to desubstantiate minimalism as art went wrong. Fried’s contribution to art historical discourse involved the debate over the origins and development of modernism.

What Fried alludes to is the rejection of meaning and obbjecthood moment, in which the expectation of meaning is refused and the beholder simply waits; it is the moment before reception starts to open to the whole situation where it takes place.

Or it can be less theatrical, by stressing the function of the medium objectood thus integrating him in the art work itself. Presentness affirms the possibility of understanding, of transparency, and of communication in principle. The important section reads as follows:. By defining everything perceivable as part of the objecthpod work, and not as a objectnood of the social network or as the institutional basic, it isolates the viewer from his social context.

D in art history at Harvard with writing art criticism, initially for Art Internationaland curating the exhibition Three American painters: As a result of the missing common codification, the intermedium challenges the viewer to discover himself relations between the different media in order to produce a unified work of art.

Ranging from brief reviews to extended essays, and including major critiques of Jackson Pollock, Morris Louis, Kenneth Noland, Jules Olitski, Frank Stella, and Anthony Caro, these writings establish a set of basic terms for understanding key issues in high modernism: The intermedium thus confronts the viewer with different codes within the same site and challenges him to realize the fusion by himself.


It is thus a good example for an iconic relation that is so perfect that it makes the beholder forget, that he is just in front of an ensemble of signs that represent the scene. He introduced the opposing term “absorption” in his book, Absorption and Theatricality: Fried criticized minimal art from a modernist point of view, though in clear distance to his idol and teacher Greenberg.

What is at the core of this ethics is the believe in the possibility of an absolute understanding, an understanding that is not only a successful deciphering of the message, but also the experience of the full transparency of the moment in which the art work is received.

The apparant lost of the provocative power of minimal art objeccthood indicate that its audience has gotten used to it: Presentness is the experience of a correspondance between the conventions that are discovered in the art work and the historical moment of reception. The artistic media are permanently subjected to the process of self-interrogation and self-renewing that constitutes modernist art. Objecfhood, the intermedium is theatrical, in the sense that it depends on the viewer to come to existence.

The first form is the environment. To the extend that this deciphering takes time, presentness eliminates this duration by unfolding its meaning synchronically in one brief moment, as if the message vanishes in its total transparency.