Source for information on Brafman, Jacob: Encyclopaedia Judaica dictionary. Brafman attacked the Jewish communal organization (kahal) in Russian. Iakov Brafman was born to a poor Jewish family, grew up almost uneducated and rebellious, and clashed with the kahal (the Jewish self-governing community). It is divided into four parts: (1) The transactions of the ḳahal of Minsk (“ḳahal,” derived from the Hebrew = “community,” assumed in Russian the significance of .

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Brafman grew up in poor conditions and was orphaned at a young age, being raised by relatives. Brafman’s other major work, The Local and Universal Jewish Brotherhoodstook aim at international Jewish organisations, particularly those based in France.

He became embittered by his experiences, and conceived a hatred for the Jewish community and its institutions. But impartial critics dissected the book and jackb that the “transactions” were simple forgeries.


Petersburg in connection with the report, and was subsequently May 13, appointed professor of Hebrew at the Minsk seminary. The Kahal goes so far as to decree what individuals may be invited to, and what dishes served at, a Jewish family feast. One of the main problems with Brafman’s thesis was that the kahal system itself in the Russian Empire had been dissolved under Nicholas I in When faced with the draft, he chose to convert, becoming first Lutheran and later Russian Orthodox.

Brafman was particularly well received by conservative Slavophiles in Russia.

It has served a number of scholars as a historical source for knowledge of the inner life of Russian Jewry in the 19 th century. The Russian poet V.


Retrieved December 31, from Encyclopedia. Not being particularly fond of this idea, Brafman fled the reach of the kahal and went to Minsk, where he tried to establish himself as a photographer. A second, enlarged two-volume edition was published in ; the first volume, containing essays on Jews and Jewish customs, was published posthumously with an introduction by Brafman’s son French translation by Mgr.


Brafmann’s story, given in his own words in the preface to the Book of the Kahal, is reprinted here: Klier, John Doyle At the age of 34 he joined the Greek Orthodox Church and was appointed Hebrew teacher at the government theological seminary in Minsk.

See Vilna Gazette Materials for the Study of the Jewish Life Russia portal Judaism portal. Modern Language Association http: The impression made by his book is evidence of the extent to which autonomous Jewish community life was alien to modern centralistic political ideas, ideals, and modes of relationship between individuals and the state. The documents, which Brafmann claimed to have found in the archives of the board of education of Wilna, extended from to This material included over a thousand acts of the Jewish Kahal civil administrationand of the beth-dins Talmudic law courtsshowing the power and extent of their secret government.

Although Brafman was accused of forgery, in fact his book was a fairly accurate translation of the documents. Zitron, Meshumodim7—31; Levitats, in: There was a state visit to Minsk in that year by Tsar Alexander II of Russia and Brafman submitted a memorandum on how Jews in Russia should best be proselytized into Orthodox Christianity and educated into “useful” subjects.

About the middle of the last century, Jacob Brafmann, a Jewish rabbi in Russia, became a convert to Christianity and spent the rest of his life endeavouring to throw light on the Jewish questions in general, and on the situation in Russia in particular, both in the interest of gentiles and of the Jews themselves.

Retrieved from ” https: To facilitate their study, they have been arranged in seventeen categories, each preceded by a short explanation on the laws and customs referred to, and indicating their real aim and influence on the Jews and on the gentiles. Brafman moved to Vilna in and began writing vehemently against the kahal and Jewish organisations more generally.


Iakov Brafman was born to a poor Jewish family, grew up almost uneducated and rebellious, and clashed with the kahal the Jewish self-governing community in his native Kletsk.

Vsemirnyi evreiskii vopros The Book of the Kahal: He was a leading polemicist against the kahal the communal Jewish theocratic government in Russia and the Talmud.

Supplied with his certificate of baptism, which entitled him to an official position, he was appointed professor of Hebrew in the seminary at Minsk, and at the same time was charged by the Holy Synod to devise means of spreading Christianity among the Jews. Our translation, somewhat abbreviated. Materials for the Study of the Jewish Lifea collection combining forged, misrepresented, and misinterpreted Hebrew documents allegedly taken from Minsk kahal registers of the late eighteenth to early nineteenth century.

It is divided into four parts: He published a series of articles entitled “Yevreiskiya Bratstva v Gorodakh Zapadnoi Rossii,” in which he endeavored brzfmann convince kaha, reader that there existed in every town of western Russia a Jewish confraternity having for its object the acquisition and exploitation of power over the non-Jews, and possessing unlimited means to carry out this object “Wilenski Vyestnik,”Nos. In Brafmann made his first appearance beafmann a publicist, and at once exhibited the characteristics which made him notorious among the Russian anti-Semites.

Jacob Brafman – Wikipedia

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve brafmajn time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia. In other projects Wikimedia Commons. Brafman joined the Imperial Russian Geographical Society in and became a respected figure in academia. Brafman published his findings as The Book of the Kahal: I submitted these documents together with my recommendations to Gov.